Tourism in Canada
Tourism in historical monuments of Canada
Canada may be a country within the northern a part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean , covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world’s second-largest country by total area. Its southern border with the us , stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is that the world’s longest bi-national land border. Canada’s capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.
As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, with most of its acreage dominated by forest and tundra. Its population is very urbanized, with over 80 per cent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, and 70 per cent residing within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of the southern border. Canada’s climate varies widely across its vast area, starting from Arctic climate within the north to hot summers within the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.
provinces and territories of Canada
The provinces and territories of Canada are sub-national divisions within the geographical areas of Canada under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Constitution. In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North America—New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and therefore the Province of Canada (which upon Confederation was divided into Ontario and Quebec)—were united to form a federated colony, becoming a sovereign nation within the next century. Over its history, Canada’s international borders have changed several times, and therefore the country has grown from the first four provinces to the present ten provinces and three territories. Together, the provinces and territories structure the world’s second-largest country by area.
The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces receive their power and authority from the Constitution Act, 1867 (formerly called British North America Act, 1867), whereas territorial governments have powers delegated to them by the Parliament of Canada. The powers flowing from the Constitution Act are divided between the govt of Canada (the federal government) and therefore the provincial governments to exercise exclusively. A change to the division of powers between the federal and therefore the provinces requires a constitutional amendment, whereas an identical change affecting the territories are often performed unilaterally by the Parliament of Canada or government.
Tourism in Canada
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